Global Warming has not caused the temperature to rise, but is rather a term used to describe an increase in temperatures seen around the world over the last few hundred years. Climate Change is a more accurate description of what is going on, as a consequence of this initial warming has meant a change in climate – whilst some areas continue to get hotter, others are generally getting colder or wetter.
It is thought that carbon emissions have helped trap the Sun’s rays into the Earth’s atmosphere, creating what is known as the greenhouse effect and warming the planet up. Whilst this is something that happens naturally, it is thought that this effect has been enhanced by emissions ever since the industrial revolution begun in the 18th Century.
In recent years, this has led to the melting of ice in both the Arctic and Antarctic. As the ice enters the sea, it cools down the ocean, disrupting the currents. For countries like the United Kingdom, where the climate is kept fairly warm due to warm sea currents, it could in the long term mean we see colder weather in the future rather than warming.
Some scientists believe that Global Warming has also led to an increase in El Niño and La Niña events in recent years. El Niño has led to flooding in countries such as Mexico and hurricanes in Hawaii, whilst at the same time Southern India and Australia saw droughts. La Niña on the other hand can lead to dry conditions in South America.
What started as Global Warming did see an increase in temperatures worldwide, and whilst average temperatures are still increasing, some countries are seeing other weather patterns as a result. Climate Change is therefore a better description of the global climate and temperature changes than Global Warming, as Earth is a big planet and the changes seen in one place may be the complete opposite of those seen on the other side of the world.
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